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Understanding Sewer-Water Jetting Services

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If you have been experiencing slow waste drainage through the home, then a professional may inform you that you need to invest in a sewer cleaning. While clogs and larger accumulations of debris require cleaning with a drain snake, most sewers can be cleared with the help of a water-jetting system. If you are unfamiliar with this type of tool and how it works, then keep reading to understand a little better.

What Is a Water Jetter?

In general, a water jetter, water cleaner, or jet cutter is any machine that uses a high-powered stream of water to clean or cut an object or drain. In the case of sewer cleaning, the jetter is a cleaning device that releases a stream of water out of a nozzle. This nozzle is an extremely small one that is called a jewel or an orifice. As the water forces its way through the small opening, it compresses a great deal under high pressure. The water then rushes out of the opening with significant speed. 

A water jetter is similar to a pressure washer you can buy for home use. However, pressure levels are typically higher, and nozzles come in a variety of different types or sizes to make sure that debris can be released. Both open or penetrating and closed nozzles are typically used with water-jetting machines. The penetrating nozzle creates a concentrated spray of high-pressure water that forces the fluid through clogs and congested debris. Once an opening is made in the clog, a closed nozzle is utilized and releases a wider spray of water both forward and backward. 

Water jetters may be portable devices that can be plugged in and wheeled to your sewer clean-out opening. They may also be mounted on the back of your sewer professional's truck. The jetter will likely need a source of water, and a water spigot outside your home will typically work well for this.

When Is a Water Jetter Used?

Water jetters are used when your main sewer line that leads to your home needs to be cleaned out. If you have experienced generally slow drainage throughout your entire home or if sewage and other wastes have backed up into your house, then a general sewer jetting will be performed. The jetting service will only be completed if the professional knows that the drainage pipe is solid and free of cracks or holes.

Water jetting can force broken or damaged sewer lines to open up more if they are already damaged. If your sewer-cleaning professional feels that cleaning may be needed, but there are signs that the sewer line is damaged, then the pipe will be examined thoroughly. Signs of possible damage include trees that are close to the line and may be allowing roots to grow in or through the pipe. Also, extremely wet parts of the lawn above the line that smell foul are a sign of a sewer break. 

In cases where there may be a broken pipe, your professional will use a type of scope or camera to look inside the pipe. If tree roots are blocking the sewage line, then the water jetter may be used to cut through them to remove the obstruction. If other types of cracks or breaks are seen, then snaking tools may be used to remove clogs instead. 

If you have slow drainage or another type of issue with your waste system, then your plumbing professional may suggest that a sewer cleaning is performed with the use of a water jetter. The cleaning is completed only if pipes are in great shape, and the service is typically quite successful in helping to resolve drainage issues. 

Call a company like A Absolute Plumbing & Heating for more information.